Command became quicker, easier, and more responsive”[1].

In a matter of years the mode of warfare changed completely, generals had to rethink doctrine and soldiers had to rework tactics.

The point remains, however, that the new gunpowder arms did little to change battle outcomes.

Despite such critical advancements in the early 1700s, “only the Russians and Turks continued to issue old, heavy matchlock muskets, to the detriment of their infantry firepower”[1].

In the Great Northern War, a Russian army, one again severely under-armed with pikes and matchlock muskets, faced off against a superior Swedish force.

Repeatedly, Russia had somehow found itself winning engagements against superior firepower, often without the advantages of modern weaponry.

Yet flash forward to today and the United States, the most technologically advanced military in the world today, is still struggling with irregular, fragmented insurgents in Iraq after seven years. How significant of a role does technological superiority assume in the determination of victory?

Free Teen Chat By entering Teen chat, you agree to be 13 to 19 years old.

Report any chat violations to a moderator immediately.Until the 18 century, the Feudal Tsarism of Russia had little to no interaction with the Western World.For two and a half centuries this isolated, agrarian state continually lagged one step behind the West in terms of technological capability.Nonetheless, it is evident that this advancement did not help predict the outcome of any battle; it only revised how the battle would be fought.As George Raudzens, a professor of history at Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, states in his paper, “[advances in weapons] brought huge changes in the nature and methods of war, but little advantage to innovators since their competitors quickly imitated each new weapon….By a consequence of this nature of warfare, strong leadership was absolutely critical. Massie, the popular American historian and winner of the Pulitzer Prize, in his book on Tzar Peter of Russia, hundreds of thousands of men needed to be coordinated and precisely timed with the rest of the army to deliver a decisive attack [1].