The administration was directed from the palaces of various cities. Radical changes took place in the military organization as well (see Sassmannshausen, 2001, p. The state sector, namely, the royal family, bureaucrats, priests, artisans, and attached labor (dependents and slaves of the palaces and temples), seems to have been the dominant one in the economy of Kassite Babylonia. Therefore, it cannot be ruled out that this may be just an accident of documentation.

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Kassite rulers built temples to Babylonian deities.

The Kassites first appear as a political factor in Babylonia in 1742 (or 1741) BCE, when they were opposed by both Samsiluna and Rīm-Sîn I’s (see Stol, 1975, pp. Thereafter, Kassite groups and individuals are recorded in northern Babylonia, especially around Sippar Yahrurum (see Zadok, 1987, pp. In addition, they had neither cultic nor familial ties with the northern Babylonian temple cities (see Richardson, 2002, pp. Their direct or indirect ties to the Middle Euphrates region enhanced their communication with the Hittites who controlled parts of northern Syria, so they might have been instrumental in enabling the temporary conquest of Babylon by the Hittite king Telipinu, who put an end to Hammurabi’s dynasty in 1595 BCE and eventually gave way for the Kassite rule in Babylonia. 347) is of the opinion that the fortresses were forerunners of the later Kassite feudal communities. 1400 BCE, the accession of the Kassite king Kara-indaš (comparing El Amarna letter 10). However, Elam’s raids caused the demise of the Kassite dynasty in 1150 BCE (see Brinkman, 1968, pp. The Kassites strove to be integrated in the culture of the conquered land.

The landed property was only partially in the hands of Kassites. In most of the pertinent filiations the father has a Kassite, and the son a Babylonian, name.

The Kassite and post-Kassite kings granted land to temples, members of the royal family, and functionaries. There are very few filiations with the father bearing a Babylonian name. Idem, “Zur Organisation des gesellschaftlichen Lebens im kassitischen und nachkassitischen Babylonien: Verwaltungsstruktur und Gemeinschaften,” in H.

Kassites (among others) were included in the workforces (mostly agricultural laborers): individuals defined as Kassites () or bearing Kassite names appear in ration lists. When Burnaburiaš II died, his son Kara-hardaš succeeded him but was assassinated in a rebellion (1328 BCE).

Their communication with the authorities was facilitated by translators, who also acted as informers. 467), but the possibility that his predecessor, Agum-kakrime (Agum II), already controlled Babylon cannot be excluded (see Podany, 2002, p. The Sealand, which was ruled by another dynasty perhaps since the demise of Babylon’s rule in the south, was incorporated into Babylonia in ca. The Kassites kings pursued a policy of dynastic marriages with rulers of the other contemporary Near Eastern powers, namely, Elam (from the reign of Burnaburiaš II onwards until that of Meli-Šīhu; see van Dijk, 1986, pp. The emergence of Assyria as a world power under Aššur-uballiṭ caused Burnaburiaš II to marry Aššur-uballiṭ’s daughter as his main wife.

Babylonia was recognized as a great power by the other Near Eastern powers, namely, its neighbors and Egypt, according to the Amarna correspondence.

Dilmun (modern Bahrain) in the Persian Gulf was ruled by a Kassite governor.

The temple gave people loans, possibly in return for labor, which may have led to a situation of indebtedness. 7) is of the opinion that between the king and the people there was a stratum of nobles, who mostly belonged to the royal family or the palace.