transform streets back to what they originally were: public spaces, not spaces for motor cars”: The relatively new American phrase for streets-for-all is “complete streets.” “Streets are an important part of our cities and towns.

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“In America, the creation in the 1920s of the concept – and crime – of “jaywalking” …

: For the history of how the motor lobby created the concept of “jaywalking, Peter D. There are laws against jaywalking in the US, Singapore, Poland, Serbia, Iran, Australia and New Zealand.

These are the notes and references to accompany the print, i Pad, e Pub and Kindle versions of the book. The early motorists (and many still today) very much despised public transport.

There are 1600 entries, some of them extended, making for a whopping 108,916 words. Here’s an example from “The railway train is necessarily collectivism.

We want a vehicle that can run at high speeds in an out of the large towns.

If the motor-car cannot fill this requirement, then something must and will be found that can – underground trams, deep-level tubes, electrified railways … Motor-cars will fall out of the main current of the nation’s life, or rather they will never get into it, and will touch the life of the average man as little does a … “Most of us, both on bicycle and on motor-car, have travelled [the Great North Road].

That’s far too much detail for placing in the print – or even digital – editions of the book. A passenger train starts and reaches its destination owing to the combined volition of a large number of persons who want to travel, let us say, from New York to Boston.

With so many references to cite there would have been way too many fugly, fiddly superscript numbers on the pages. Beales said, in 1935, “Bicycles and motor-cars have an ancient lineage.”⁠ , H. But in order to satisfy these volitions and make them executive they have to be marshaled and organized, and so, in a sense, shackled.

They bring together neighbors and draw visitors to neighborhood stores. In the 1970s, French historian of technology Jean Gimpel wrote that car-based transportation systems were wasteful and not likely to survive long-term.