This process of transition through medical intervention is often referred to as sex or gender reassignment, but more recently is also referred to as gender affirmation.

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Transgender is an umbrella term for persons whose gender identity, gender expression or behavior does not conform to that typically associated with the sex to which they were assigned at birth.

Gender identity refers to a person’s internal sense of being male, female or something else; gender expression refers to the way a person communicates gender identity to others through behavior, clothing, hairstyles, voice or body characteristics.

Conversely, people who were assigned male, but identify and live as female and alter or wish to alter their bodies through medical intervention to more closely resemble their gender identity are known as transsexual women or transwomen (also known as male-to-female or MTF).

Some individuals who transition from one gender to another prefer to be referred to as a man or a woman, rather than as transgender.

The term drag kings refers to women who dress as men for the purpose of entertaining others at bars, clubs, or other events.

is a term that some people use who identify their gender as falling outside the binary constructs of “male” and “female.” They may define their gender as falling somewhere on a continuum between male and female, or they may define it as wholly different from these terms.

People who wear clothing that is traditionally or stereotypically worn by another gender in their culture.

They vary in how completely they cross-dress, from one article of clothing to fully cross-dressing.

In some cultures, one gender may be given more latitude than another for wearing clothing associated with a different gender.