In the context of this document "going to the bathroom" indicates the need void bowel or bladder.

Every incorporated municipal district, borough, city, town, or village, or other entity of local self-government shall provide access to restrooms for the public at all times of the day and at any time of the year.

They are one of the essential requirements and part of the infrastructure of a building or the city by itself and must have toilets, faucets, soap dispensers, paper towels, mirrors, garbage cans etc.

American English uses washroom for public convenience facility in commercial and public places.

The term bathroom is used for smaller and residential facility.

Washroom continues to be used to denote public convenience in Chicago and Canada.

In jurisdictions unable to provide dedicated public facilities, or at those times of the day or year when dedicated public facilities are closed, written and published policy should exist to allow access by the public to public toilet facilities in government buildings that are continually (24X7) operational.

[ Examples: police, fire stations, and hospitals]Toilet facilities shall be provided in accordance with table 1 of this section. Where toilet rooms will be occupied by no more than one person at a time, can be locked from the inside, and contain at least one water closet, separate toilet rooms for each sex need not be provided.

Where such single-occupancy rooms have more than one toilet facility, only one such facility in each toilet room shall be counted for the purpose of table Table 1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Toilet Facilities for the maximum typical 1 hour peak persons count within a 500 meter radius shall have at least shall comply with FEMA "Special Events Contingency Planning" toilet guidelines Note: Chemical Toilets have capacity limitations that may require additional units.5 Municipal Visitors Guides, Visitor Information Specialists and those employees such as Police Officers who interface with the public should be required to know and provide directions to public toilet facilities..2 Any location, permanent or otherwise, typically expected to accommodate a peak average concentration of 50 persons per hour must provide additional toilet facilities if the nearest restrooms facility is greater then 500 meters.1 During the month of the year where the peak monthly temperature is above 50, any multi-use trails system accommodating 2000 trail users per day shall provide toilet facilities at no greater then five kilometer intervals..2 During the months of the year where the peak monthly temperature is below 50, any multi-use trails system accommodating 500 trail users shall provide toilet facilities at no greater then five kilometer intervals.

Toilet facilities at transit systems should meet the minimum toilet fixture requirements of the applicable municipal building code. The transit authority will provide public restrooms at transit centers that meet the following criteria. The transit center has been designed and sited principally to facilitate transfers between different routes. The transit center is to be developed off-street on property that the county either owns or controls through a long-term lease. County service through the transit center makes significant use of "timed meet" schedules. The transit center has capacity for eight or more in-service coaches; layover bays or terminal space do not count toward meeting this capacity requirement. There is adequate space on the transit center platform to provide a restroom facility without compromising operating requirements. A daily platform population of 2,000 or more patrons is projected.

In the US utility rooms are also known as washrooms.

Gender specific washrooms are called as ladies' rooms and men's rooms.

These are specially convenient for transgenders and people carrying children of a different sex etc.